“Our Lady of Sorrows”
EL ESCORIAL, SPAIN (1980-1992)
Luz Amparo Cuevas was the mother of seven children and wife of a doorman. She was a simple woman, working as a maid, who could neither read nor write. It was Holy Trinity Celebration Day, November 13, 1980, when she had her first apparition of the Virgin Mary. She lived in the valley of Prado Nuevo where the town of San Lorenzo del Escorial and the famous Escorial Monastery are located. Born to a very poor family, her mother had died when she was only six months old. A harsh stepmother sent her out on the streets to sell things with orders not to return until all her wares were sold. So there were nights that she slept outside, under a tree, or even with snow. When she was nine years old, she was arrested for begging for food on the streets. In jail she survived on flour and water. Despite these hardships, Amparo maintained her great love and devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, often asking to go see her mother in heaven.
Her marriage was not easy as her husband struggled with alcoholism and constant unemployment. She was miraculously healed in Lourdes from a heart disease in 1977. She did not really know how to pray but always invoked Our Lady with childlike mildness, innocence, and a great compassion for others. Overseen and witnessed by several priests, the multitude of witnesses, along with her simple, generous, devoted nature exclude the possibility of a fraud or pathological illusion. She experienced 30 apparitions between November 13 of 1980 and April 4, 1992. She has received over 500 messages during this period of thirteen years.
“Many souls err, are lost, waiting for somebody to save them. The sin of impurity greatly offends Our Lord. A big part of the clergy – that is priests, bishops, and cardinals – are stepping on paths of perdition, and it is because of them that many souls are condemned.”
“The Holy Rosary is my favorite prayer. We could save the whole mankind with it. We could end a war with it if we wanted. You must meditate every mystery a little while praying it. It is important that you say the fifteen mysteries. I promise to assist anybody who prays the Rosary when that person dies.”
“They must have reconciliation with God every day. They must confess and consume the Sacred Host every first Saturday. It is very important to consume the Host with utmost devotion every month’s first Friday in my Son’s honor. We must be constant in receiving the Holy Eucharist.”
“Say prayers for the Pope, the priests, for peace in Spain and the world, and particularly for full conversion in Russia.”
“Pride leads to every other sin in the world. You must be humble and answer with humbleness every possible offense. With humbleness you can achieve anything and be less likely to fall into temptation.”
“There will come a Great Chastisement for all mankind – a chastisement the likes of which have never been seen. If you do not hear me, there will be thousands of deaths, and the church will suffer a great decay. There will be no work, and a new Great War will come. The Pope will be martyrized. You are very near the Last Times. The judgment over nations is very near. The Creator’s Day is coming.”
“God the Father will send two very big punishments. One will include wars, revolutions. The other one comes from Heaven. There will be great earthquakes in several nations. All Earth will be in darkness for three days. Nothing will be visible. The air will be unbreathable, and during those dark days, the only light will be provided by holy candles. The believers must stay at their homes, saying the Holy Rosary and asking God for Mercy. The punishment will end two-thirds of Mankind. Nothing will happen to those who are with God and the Virgin.”
“Before the punishment, there will be a warning from Heaven. Everybody will see it. It will seem as if the whole world is in flames. It will last 20 minutes, and many will die because of the shock. Those who believe in God and the Virgin will fall into a sort of ecstasy. After the warning and before the punishment, there will be a miracle.”
“My Son will destroy any bad herb, and He will prepare a glorious rebirth in His Mercy’s Time. Then will come Peace and reconciliation between men, mankind, and God. He will be served, adored, and glorified. Charity will shine everywhere. The new kings will be the right hand of the church. Gospel will be preached everywhere, and men will live in awe of God. The Holy Church will be mild, pious, strong, poor, and meticulous in imitating Jesus Christ’s Virtues.”
“Give your Merciful Mother’s messages to all in the world. You must realize that there are many who still do not know them.”
Dates of Visual Apparitions:
1980: November 13
1981: January 15, May 23, July 6, September 25, October 2, 14, 23, November 22, December 11, 18.
1982: January 15, March 19, April 2, July 3, November 19, 20, 26,
December 4, 22, 25.
1983: January 14, 22, February 5, March 27, July 20, November 5.
1989: February 4, July 1.
1992: April 4.
She still receives messages ever first Saturday of each month according to some sources.
The church has not dismissed her experiences and may be waiting to see if the prophecies come to pass before validating her experiences.
“Our Lady of Garabandal”
GARABANDAL, SPAIN (1961-1965)
On Sunday, June 18, 1961, the people of the small town of Garabandal often congregated in the village square following Mass at their little church. Two girls, Conchita Gonzalez, age 12, and Mari Cruz Gonzalez, (a second cousin) age 11, decided to sneak away to a nearby apple tree in the yard of their schoolteacher while their parents caught up on gossip. Two other friends, Mari Loli Mazon, age 12, and Jacinta Gonzalez, age 12, had seen them sneak away and followed them. At first they accused the first two of stealing with threats of telling on them, but soon they were all laughing and eating apples. They all fled when they heard their teacher’s loud voice inside her home. They began to feel guilty for their actions and started throwing stones at an imagined location for the Devil so as to please their saddened guardian angels. They grew weary of that play and were startled by a loud clap of thunder.
Suddenly, in the rocky lane, Conchita saw a very bright beautiful figure surrounded by a brilliant light. Stunned and speechless, she pointed to the apparition. The girls were first worried about Conchita’s actions until they looked and saw the apparition also – and exclaimed, “An angel!” The angel looked at them but said nothing and disappeared. Frightened, the four girls ran back to the village square, hid behind the church and cried. Their teacher knew them well and could tell they had definitely seen something. They described the angel as a small, nine-year old, childlike figure – but of great strength. He wore a long, blue, seamless robe. He had large, pinkish wings. His eyes were black. The teacher was convinced by their consistent description and strong emotions, but when each girl went home, their families were full of doubt and disbelief.
The local priest, Father Valentin, questioned each of the girls on the following day and was impressed, so he began keeping careful records. Although the angel did not return that next day, Conchita heard a voice that night during her prayers, “Don’t worry. You shall see me again.”
On Tuesday, June 20, 1961, the four girls returned to the rocky lane to pray the Rosary. As they were finishing and rising from their knees, they saw a very bright light which enveloped each of them where they could not see anything else but the light. It terrified them and left them shaken. They did not want to talk to anybody but the priest this time.
On Wednesday, June 21, 1961, they returned to the rocky lane to pray – accompanied now by several adults. After their prayers, the angel appeared. Conchita asked the angel what the priest had suggested (Who are you? Why are you here?), but the angel just smiled and disappeared. The adults were amazed by the physical transformation that the girls had gone into — an “ecstasy” – faces became “pale, transparent-like, and glowing with beautiful expressions.” They radiated an indescribable beauty which impressed the villagers.
On Thursday, June 22, the priest joined more villagers as they observed the girls going into an “ecstasy” following their prayers in the rocky lane – as the angel appeared again.
Following the same routine and angelic appearance on Friday, June 23, the priest took the four girls into the church and questioned them closely. He then publicly pronounced the supernatural events as genuine and probably of “God’s work.”
On Saturday, June 24, the angel said a word which meant “it is necessary that” and held a sign that contained Roman numerals on it. When the girls responded that they did not understand, the angel just smiled at them.
By Sunday, June 25, people were coming from all the nearby villages as word of the visions spread – including five priests and many doctors. One doctor tried to lift Conchita during her kneeling ecstasy, getting her only barely off the ground, and dropped her hard on her knees. Others could hear the sound of bones breaking. Yet, Conchita remained unaware of that action, and the villagers found her unharmed without a scratch or bruise after her ecstasy was over. The other girls found lumps, marks, and pin pricks where they had been tested during their ecstasies by the doctors. The doctors were amazed that none of the girls reacted in any fashion, yet had the marks and bruises from their tests. Because the girls were in the light of the angel and oblivious to anything else around them, they were often surprised at how dark the day had become when the enveloping light of the angel had gone. From June 28-30 the angel reappeared, would not answer questions, and just smiled back at them.
But, on Saturday, July 1, 1961, the angel finally revealed why he had come. He announced that the Virgin Mary will appear on the next day, Sunday, as Our Lady of Mount Carmel and would explain more to them. The girls were so excited and talked for two hours with the angel while the villagers could tell that something very special was happening!
Sunday, July 2, 1961, was greatly anticipated as word spread like wildfire that Mary was expected to appear in Garabandal. The Spanish Civil Guard escorted and protected the four little girls. Many priests and doctors were present. Soon, after 6:00 p.m. in the rocky lane, the Virgin Mary suddenly appeared before them. There was light all around her with two angels standing on either side of her. The angel that they had been seeing was now recognized as St. Michael.
Blessed Mary had a white robe with faint patterns of flowers on it and a blue mantle. She wore a crown with twelve golden stars and held a large brown Scapular (similar to Mount Carmel) in her hand. There was a mountain on one part of the scapular and a white cross on another part. Mary’s long dark hair was parted in the middle and down to her waist. The girls were stunned by the beauty of her face – dainty nose, pretty mouth and slightly full lips – as if she were only 17 years old. Her voice was sweet and pure – and not like any other voice that they had ever heard. To her right they saw a square of red fire which framed a triangle (Trinity) that contained a large eye (God) and some other writing that they could not read. They all conversed in simple, everyday terms as if they were daughters sharing with their Mother. Mary listened lovingly to their simple questions and little stories.
“I am the Lady of Mount Carmel! I have come for all my children.”
When Mary confirmed St. Michael’s identity, Jacinta giggled and said she had a brother named Michael “but without the saint part.” Mary then taught them how to say the Rosary more slowly and with meaning, meditating on the mysteries. Mary said she would return tomorrow – and had been so kind, gentle, and loving with the girls. The girls were thrilled, in love with her already, and so sad to see her go. The villagers were impressed, inspired, and uplifted. This, then, began a series of 2,000 apparitions which would occur with the four girls over the next four years!
The second time Mary appeared to them, she was holding the baby Jesus in her arms. They described Jesus as an infant, but “when He looked at us, He seemed to know us completely … and smiled.” Thrilled with seeing him, and just being themselves, they entertained the small child with little games and kisses. They picked up small pebbles for Him to play with. But Mary touched the pebbles, kissed them, and told the girls to give them to the people. The villagers observed the girls handing these stones up to be kissed – which started a major new trend of giving Mary items to be kissed and blessed. Mary seemed to like the idea and complied with the kissing of rosaries, religious medals, wedding rings, or crucifixes.
With so many people and so many items piled up for blessing, it would be impossible for the girls to know what item belonged to whom. But during their ecstasies, they not only returned every item correctly to each individual, but their eyes never left Mary – as if she was guiding them to the rightful owners! And, despite some people and priests trying to trick or test the girls, they never made a mistake. Many times people would notice the sweet smell of roses coming from an object kissed by Our Lady. Sometimes Mary would ask the girls to “have (name) kiss the crucifix,” and they would always go right to that stranger in the crowd.
Blessed Mary explained that Jesus would perform miracles through objects kissed by her, and that those who wear them with faith and confidence would make their Purgatory on this earth with suffering corresponding to what they would have endured in Purgatory. Mary added that God bestows special graces upon those who believe and have faith. Many physical cures (hundreds associated with Garabandal) and conversions have been obtained by simply touching the objects kissed by Mary.
The physical actions of these girls impressed many doctors and specialists. As they would fall to their knees with each ecstasy, they would often land on sharp stones and rocks and remain kneeling for extremely long periods of time without moving – with no bruising, cuts, scrapes, or marks. The girls would look in the same direction, at the same spot, and would change direction simultaneously if watching something that moved. Their eyes did not blink or react to efforts to make them blink. Their heads were often tilted backward in very awkward positions looking upward for long periods without discomfort. They were pinched, poked, stuck with needles, and had bright lights shined in their eyes – but none of the four girls ever reacted during their ecstasies. A group of strong men would lift them and drop them – but never would they become hurt, bruised, or injured as anybody else would have. Reflexes, heartbeats, eyes, ears, noses, sensitivity to pain, etc. were all monitored by specialists who concluded that these girls would not react to any outside stimuli. Not even hot summers or the bitter cold of winter affected them.
The girls described “three warnings” that they would receive to indicate that Mary would be coming soon. The first was a slight feeling of joy and anticipation. The second call was more like an overflowing of happiness with a great desire. The third calling was an urgent feeling, and the girls would rush to the place where the apparition was to occur. Father Valentin decided to test the girls one day without their knowing it. He had the girls separated in different homes to see if they were influencing each other in any way. By the “third call” the girls all left their homes simultaneously, arriving at the rocky lane at the same moment, and falling to their knees into an ecstasy all at the same time! During an ecstasy they reported that they could only see Mary, each other, and anything that her brilliant light illuminated. They were unaware of other people, doctors running tests, crowds, time of day, weather, etc. It was like they had entered Mary’s protective and supernatural realm as long as Mary was present. When they spoke with Mary, others present would hear a low, guttural, husky voice or whisper instead of their normal voices.
Villagers noted many other odd behaviors – being thrown backward to the ground simultaneously without injury or pain, levitating off the floor several inches, moving at incredible speed either forward or backward over the rugged terrain with heads looking up the whole time, never running into anything, never falling or stumbling. Despite adults running at full speed to keep up, the girls were never tired or winded – it was as if they were gliding along effortlessly without even looking at the ground as long as they kept Mary in their vision.
On one occasion, observers saw two of the girls walk over a small footbridge while the other two just glided over the small stream as if walking on air! Even when barefoot, their feet were never harmed by sharp rocks, glass, and dangerous terrain. In fact, their bare feet stayed very clean despite the dirty village streets – something that nobody there could fake. Sometimes, during their ecstasies, they would lift each other up without any difficulty to receive a kiss from Mary. After their ecstasies, they could not even begin to lift each other up without struggling and falling. They maintained an aura of peacefulness and normality during the rest of their day – which amazed and inspired villagers.
Mercedes Salisach, a writer from Barcelona, was present when Mary Loli rose from a position of lying on the floor into the air – levitating about ten inches above the floor. She reports:
“I took a stick and passed it under her. There was nothing but air underneath her! The expression on her face as she gazed upward was beautiful – just beautiful …”
Two Jesuit priests, Father Luis Andrei and his brother Father Ramon had gone to Garabandal out of curiosity. As Father Ramon watched an ecstasy he began to have serious doubts, so he thought to himself, “If this is authentic, let the apparition cease for one of them.” At that very moment Mary Loli came out of her trance and looked at Father Ramon, smiling. A few moments later, she went back into her ecstasy – and Jacinta asked her why she had left. Mary Loli asked Mary what had happened. Father Ramon was able to hear Mary Loli say, “Oh! That’s why? It was so he would believe!”
On another occasion, both priests closely observed all four girls in an ecstasy in the church. They were begging Mary for proof or some miracle as so many people still did not believe them. They made an ecstatic march, backwards, to the altar, dropped to their knees in unison, and recited a Rosary beautifully. Mary told them to pray at the cluster of pines near the village that evening. The girls kept pleading and insisting on a miracle. Later, their ecstatic march took them to all of the places where apparitions had occurred, ending finally at the cluster of pines. They continued asking for proof from Mary. Suddenly, Father Luis Andreu turned pale and went into an ecstasy. The four girls were amazed that they could see him there with them in the light of Mary. He exclaimed, “A miracle! A miracle! A miracle!” Mary explained to the girls that she allowed him to see her and that he was also seeing The Miracle. Then the girls heard Mary tell the priest, “You will soon be with me.” Afterwards, Father Luis met with Father Valentin and insisted that what the girls are reporting is genuine. Father Luis told others,
“How happy I am! I am overflowing with happiness! The Virgin Mary gave me such a gift! I do not harbor the slightest doubt about the reality of what has happened to the children! It is the truth! … How fortunate it is to have a mother in Heaven. We need not fear the supernatural life. I cannot have the slightest doubt about their vision. This is the happiest day of my life.”
Riding with friends in a car, he became very quiet, bowed his head, sighed … and was gone. Dead at age 36 – despite being in good health – just as Mary had predicted, he “died of intense joy.”
A few days later, the four girls had a very unusual experience. While in ecstasy, they all saw an unusual light and heard Father Luis’ voice, calling each of them by name. He had messages for his brother Ramon and their mother, “Be happy and content, for I am in Heaven, and I see you every day.” Father Ramon did not believe that the girls were talking with his dead brother — until they revealed secrets spoken from Luis that only the two brothers could have known! Later on, his mother was getting ready for bed when she heard a voice say, “Luis is coming.” Suddenly, her bedroom was illuminated, and she saw her son, Luis with two priests. No words were necessary — just seeing him one last time and knowing he was happy in Heaven was good enough for his mother. On July 18, 1964, Holy Mary told Conchita that Father Luis was indeed in Heaven – and foretold that on the day after The Miracle in the pine grove, his body would be found incorrupt.
On various occasions, St. Michael appeared and told the girls to prepare for communion by praying the “I Confess to God.” Then he would administer Communion to them. Villagers would observe them stick their tongues out to receive the host, but could never see the host. The girls never realized that the host was actually invisible as they could feel it and swallow it quite naturally. After Communion, St. Michael taught them to give thanks to God through the prayer of St. Ignatius Loyola. On June 22, 1962, he told Conchita that he would give her a visible host during Communion – which was when she first learned that the host had NOT been visible. The Virgin Mary told Conchita that the date for this miracle would be July 18, 1962. Word of this spread like fire, and there was a joyous celebration and much anticipation on that day. However, as the day wore on, many people became disappointed and went home. Finally, at 1:40 a.m., Conchita left her home in ecstasy, and the lingering crowd eagerly accompanied her. Several eyewitnesses reported seeing this miracle:
Benjamin Gomez: “I was so close … inches from her face … I looked in her mouth … nothing … I turned my head just for an instant. When I looked back, the Host was on her tongue. It was white – out of this world … like snow, a snowflake upon which the sun’s rays were striking …”
Pepe Diez: “I was scarcely 18 inches away from her face … She kept her tongue out like that for about a minute. As I stood there – my eyes riveted to her, something incredible happened! Without moving my eyes for a fraction of a second, suddenly a neat, precise, and well-formed Host appeared miraculously on Conchita’s tongue … Her tongue was out and bare, and then all of a sudden the Host was there! I did not see how it came. It was instantaneous! … It was just there!”
Alejandro Damians: “There was a great deal of confusion – crowding, pushing, people trying to see … I crouched over, and Conchita was on her knees. I took the (movie) camera out of the bag and looked through the lens without making any adjustments … I was sure I could see her head and shot. I caught the last seconds of the miracle (on movie film). I would not exchange the bliss which I felt in those moments for anything in this world. It was a joy, deep and intense, which I cannot explain.”
This was the evidence that so many people were looking for! Because church law states that one can partake in Communion only one time per day, St. Michael had waited until the early hours of the next morning because Conchita had already been to Mass earlier on the anticipated day with all of its celebrations. But the pictures served as proof for those who had given up and left earlier that evening.
Father George Costigan – also a retired U.S. Army Colonel, had lost all vision in one eye due to cancer. He was drawn to Mary’s messages in Garabandal that emphasized Prayer, Penance, and Sacrifice. He decided to visit Garabandal, unannounced in everyday clothing, and was greeted much to his surprise by a 5-year old girl who spoke perfect English. She asked him if he would like for Jacinta to put her hand on his forehead. He asked the child why she would want to do that. The little child replied,
“Aren’t you the priest who has cancer?”
He was speechless. How could this tiny child possibly know him or his condition and speak to him in perfect English? He decided that this must be an angel. Minutes later, without any greeting, introduction, or identification, Jacinta arrived (in ecstasy) and promptly placed her hand on Father Costigan’s forehead. A short time later, during Mass, his eyesight was fully restored, perfectly, with the last Hail Mary of the Rosary.
There were two formal messages that Our Lady gave to the world through these girls. The first one was given to all four girls on July 4, 1961:
“The sign beneath the angel had a message that I am going to give you in order that you may announce it publicly on the 18th of October. … We must make many sacrifices, perform penance, and visit the Blessed Sacrament frequently. But first, we must lead good lives. If we do not, a chastisement will befall us. The cup is already filling up, and if the people do not change, a very great chastisement will come upon us.”
The second message for the world was given to only Conchita on June 18, 1965:
“As my message of October 18 has not been complied with and has not been made known to the world, I am advising you that this is the last one. Before, the cup was filling up. Now, it is flowing over. Many cardinals, many bishops, and many priests are on the road to perdition – and are taking many souls with them. Less and less importance is being given to the Eucharist. You should turn the wrath of God away from yourselves by your efforts. If you ask His forgiveness with sincere hearts, He will pardon you. I, your mother, through the intercession of St. Michael the Archangel, ask you to amend your lives. You are now receiving the last warnings. I love you very much and do not want your condemnation. Pray to us with sincerity and we will grant your requests. You should make more sacrifices. Think about the passion of Jesus.”
Mary also foretold that there would be only two more popes after Pope Paul VI – and that one would have a very short reign. But this did NOT mean that the world would come to an end. Mary also told the girls that they would contradict each other and doubt that they had even seen the apparitions – even deny seeing Mary — in the future! The girls were stunned that she could suggest that they would ever do that, but years later, under great pressure, stress, and threats, all four girls did deny these events with three of them moving to the United States to feel safe (and eventually marry husbands there). Of course, the three that moved away felt safe enough later to affirm their beliefs again.
The Blessed Virgin revealed that a 3-stage process would occur in the future. First, there will be a Warning that will “draw the good closer to God and warn the wicked that the end of time is coming.” The Warning will be seen and experienced by everyone everywhere. Each person will find himself alone with his conscience before God, able to know all his sins and what his sins have caused. One would not only become aware of his sins but would feel them deeply and their impact upon others. Hopefully, this could influence a worldwide “purification” before The Miracle happens. The year that this will happen was only revealed to Mari Loli. The Miracle would follow the Warning within the same year.
The Miracle will be a supernatural public display in the area of the pines “that will prove and manifest God’s love to us in a most outstanding way.” It will be visible to all in the village and surrounding areas. The sick that will be present shall be cured; the sinners present will all be converted. A sign of The Miracle will remain forever at the pines – but cannot be touched – just photographed. Conchita is the only visionary to know the year, month, and day of The Miracle – and can announce when it will happen, eight days in advance. It is supposed to happen within 12 months of the Warning and occur on a Thursday evening at 8:30 p.m., probably between March and May. It will be in Conchita’s lifetime, and she is approximately 63 years old, now, in 2013.
The Chastisement is conditional and can be avoided if the world heeds the messages of the Blessed Virgin. Conchita has seen a preview and warns that when it comes it will be “worse than being enveloped in fire.” Mari Loli and Jacinta were also given a preview during a vision on June 21, 1962. Their screams of terror and gestures to fend off some frightening danger greatly affected all the observers — who then began praying.
Father Valentin knew that the Bishop of Santandar must be informed about the events at Garabandal. The Bishop sent priests and doctors to investigate, and they agreed that Conchita should come talk to the Bishop and other specialists – who drilled her and pressured her, trying to convince her that she was wrong. Mary had told Conchita that she would not have any apparitions while in Santandar, so when Conchita told officials that she had not seen Mary (there), they took that as a denial of the events. But a commission was established to study the events at Garabandal. But they did NOT interview ANY of the adults in Garabandal who had been witnesses, NOR did they talk to Father Valentin, who had kept meticulous records of all the events from the beginning. At the end of 1962 Father Valentin was removed because he believed in the apparitions.
The new priest imposed many restrictions, yet, the apparitions, conversions, and healings continued. Then, Bishop Aldazabal proclaimed on October 7, 1962, that all priests and religious visitors would be prohibited from gathering at Garabandal.
Although local controversy continued over the next years, Rome felt differently about Garabandal and invited Conchita to be interviewed by the Sacred Congregation of the Doctrine of Faith. She met Pope Paul VI and Padre Pio as well. Pope Paul VI told Conchita, “I bless you, and, with me, the whole church blesses you.” In 1975, Jacinta also was invited to Rome and greeted favorably by many Cardinals and Bishops. She impressed the officials of the Sacred Congregation of Faith with her simplicity, sincerity, and dignity. They agreed with her request to lift restrictions against visiting priests, but it was still left to the local Bishop to do so.
In 1986, Bishop Val Gallo issued a new investigation and then lifted the restrictions finally in 1987. Although full approval is still elusive, officials are quick to say that they are NOT denying the events at Garabandal (just waiting for the prophecies).
“Our Lady of Sorrows”
LA CODOSERA, CHANDAVILA, SPAIN (1945)
On May 27, 1945, ten-year old Marcelina Barroso Exposito and her cousin Augustina were walking to the village on an errand for her mother. The girls were walking through an area known as Chandavila when they noticed something strange in the distance. They were about to ignore it, but then a strange force somehow propelled them to the chestnut tree where they had seen something odd. Floating a little above the ground was the image of Our Lady of Sorrows. She was easily identified by the black robe and mantle that she wore. Stars embellished her gown and sparkled all about her. Her hands were joined, and her beautiful face bore every mark of deep pain and overwhelming sadness. Marcelina alone saw the Lady, and when the vision disappeared, she ran with her cousin to the village. Her message was actually greeted with great excitement.
Days later on the morning of June 4, 1945, Marcelina returned to the place of the apparition and beheld the Virgin once again. This time Blessed Mary spoke, telling her to return in the afternoon when she would then ask the girl to perform a sacrifice in the presence of all who attended. Word got around quickly as one thousand people of both Spanish and Portuguese nationalities eagerly attended. Marcelina went into an ecstasy on the way to the site as hundreds observed her in that surreal condition. At the sight of the chestnut tree she stopped and beheld the vision of the Virgin Mary at some distance. Our Lady invited the girl to crawl on her knees to her – a distance of about one hundred feet. The Virgin reassured her,
“Fear not. Nothing will harm you. I will be putting before you a reed mat and herbs so that you will not be hurt.”
Marcelina’s mother fainted upon seeing her daughter in an ecstatic state and starting to crawl on he knees over sharp rocks and rugged terrain. The child stopped and remained kneeling by the tree for about ten minutes. Marcelina saw the glorious image of a beautiful church with the Virgin Mary appearing on the altar. Blessed Mary invited the child to dip her fingers in holy water and bless herself. When the child crawled closer to the Virgin, Blessed Mary asked Marcelina if she would like to join her in heaven.
The child answered enthusiastically, “Yes, Ma’am, now!” Blessed Mary smiled and kissed Marcelina on the forehead. As she did so, the mantle of the Mother of God softly touched Marcelina’s face. The Virgin then requested that a chapel be built at this place of the apparitions. When the vision disappeared, Marcelina was no longer ecstatic and began talking normally with her friends.
But the pastor of Codosera, Father Juan Antonio Galan y Galan, began checking the girl for injuries. So did her friends as they all examined her knees and body – but could not find any scratches, bruises, or any type of injury. It was amazing to everyone!
With each encounter that Marcelina had with the Blessed Mother, more and more people attended. One of these pilgrims was a 17-year old girl, Afra Blanco Brigade, who had come with her friends on May 30, 1945. Upon her arrival, she thought she saw something dark in the clouds. The next day, she again went to the place of the apparitions and once again saw the dark object. This time it drew closer until it was clearly recognizable as Our Lady of Sorrows. This vision proved to be emotionally overwhelming for Afra who fell into a deep faint.
A few days later, Afra’s grandmother died. While dressed in mourning, Afra’s friends approached her and insisted that she join them for another visit to the apparition site. She agreed and actually knelt down next to visionary Marcelina. Blessed Mary revealed herself to both girls at the same time. The Virgin imparted a secret to Afra, predicted great suffering, and then asked Afra to kiss Marcelina. Our Lady asked for the recitation of the Rosary. She then asked again for a chapel to be constructed on this spot.
Days later, Afra and Marcelina went to Villar del Ray and stayed there from July 21 through July 24, giving thanks to the Virgin Mary for all the favors received. While making the Way of the Cross there, Afra became ecstatic at the eleventh station and saw the sufferings of Our Lord and his Crucifixion. Suddenly, she felt a sharp pain on the palms of both hands and discovered than an incision in the center of each was dripping blood and causing excruciating pain. Eventually, the stigmata were present on both feet and then were seen to penetrate deeper into the hands. The pain continued and the blood flowed mainly on Fridays in commemoration of Our Lord’s Crucifixion. Afra underwent numerous medical examinations, but treatments to heal the wounds were unsuccessful. It was noted that a sweet fragrance accompanied the stigmata.
Marcelina became a religious in the Congregation of the Sisters of the Cross in 1975 and took the name Sister Mary of Mercy of the Cross. This Order was dedicated to the care of the sick, orphans, the poor and elderly. She eventually joined a cloistered convent in Ciudad Real. Afra worked for many years in a hospital in Madrid until her death on August 23, 2008, at the age of eighty – after a long and painful illness.
A beautiful church, which enveloped the chestnut tree and apparition site, was eventually built. The Bishop of Badajoz gave permission for the construction of the church as well as approval for the apparitions and Expression of Faith.
SPAIN / SOUTHERN FRANCE 1214 “The Birth of the Rosary”
Found in the very well-known book, De Dignitate Psalterii, by Blessed Alan de la Roche, is the account of how Saint Dominic acquired the Rosary in the year 1214. St. Dominic, seeing that the gravity of people’s sins was hindering the conversion of the Albigensians, withdrew into a forest near Toulouse, where he prayed continuously for three days and three nights. During this time he did nothing but weep and do harsh penances in order to appease the anger of God. He used his discipline so much that his body became lacerated, and, finally, he fell into a coma. Our Lady appeared to him, accompanied by three angels, and said,
“Dear Dominic, do you know which weapon the Blessed Trinity wants to use to reform the world?”
“Oh, My Lady,” answered Saint Dominic, “you know far better than I do, because next to your Son Jesus Christ you have always been the chief instrument of our salvation.”
Our Lady replied, “I want you to know that, in this kind of warfare, the principal weapon has always been the Angelic Psalter, which is the foundation-stone of the New Testament. Therefore, if you want to reach these hardened souls and win them over to God, preach my Psalter.”
So he arose, comforted, and burning with zeal for the conversion of the people in that district, he made straight for the cathedral. At once, unseen angels rang the bells to gather the people together, and Saint Dominic began to preach. At the very beginning of his sermon, an appalling storm broke out, the earth shook, the sun was darkened, and there was so much thunder and lightning that all were very much afraid. Even greater was their fear when, looking at a picture of our Lady positioned in a prominent place, they saw her raise her arms to heaven three times to call down God’s vengeance upon them if they failed to be converted, to amend their lives, and seek the protection of the Holy Mother of God. God wished, by means of these supernatural phenomena, to spread the new devotion of the holy Rosary and to make it more widely known.
At last, at the prayer of Saint Dominic, the storm came to an end, and he went on preaching. So fervently and compellingly did he explain the importance and value of the Rosary that almost all the people of Toulouse embraced it and renounced their false beliefs. In a very short time a great improvement was seen in the town; people began leading Christian lives and gave up their former bad habits.
Inspired by the Holy Spirit, instructed by the Blessed Virgin — as well as by his own experience, Saint Dominic preached the Rosary for the rest of his life. He preached it by his example as well as by his sermons, in cities and in rural places, to people of high station and low, before scholars and the uneducated, to Catholics and to heretics. The Rosary, which he said every day, was his preparation for every sermon and his little tryst with our Lady immediately after preaching.
One day he had to preach at Notre Dame in Paris on the Feast of St. John the Evangelist. He was in a little chapel behind the high altar, prayerfully preparing his sermon by saying the Rosary as he always did, when Our Lady appeared to him and said,
“Dominic, even though what you have planned to say may be very good, I am bringing you a much better sermon.”
Saint Dominic took in his hands the book Our Lady offered, read the sermon carefully and, when he had understood it and meditated on it, he gave thanks to Her. When the time came, he went up into the pulpit and, in spite of the feast day, made no mention of Saint John other than to say that he had been found worthy to be the guardian of the Queen of Heaven. The congregation was made up of theologians and other eminent people, who were used to hearing unusual and polished discourses; but Saint Dominic told them that it was not his desire to give them a learned discourse, wise in the eyes of the world, but that he would speak in the simplicity of the Holy Spirit and with his forcefulness. So he began preaching the Rosary and explained the Hail Mary word by word as he would to a group of children, and used the very simple illustrations which were in the book given him by Our Lady.
Blessed Alan, according to Carthagena, mentioned several other occasions when Our Lord and Our Lady appeared to Saint Dominic to urge him and inspire him to preach the Rosary more and more in order to wipe out sin and convert sinners and heretics. In another passage, Our Lady revealed that after she had appeared to Saint Dominic, Her blessed Son appeared to him also and said,
“Dominic, I rejoice to see that you are not relying on your own wisdom and that, rather than seek the empty praise of men, you are working with great humility for the salvation of souls. But many priests want to preach thunderously against the worst kinds of sin at the very outset, failing to realize that before a sick person is given bitter medicine, he needs to be prepared by being put into the right frame of mind to really benefit by it. That is why, before doing anything else, priests should try to kindle a love of prayer in people’s hearts and especially a love of my Angelic Psalter. If only they would all start saying it and would really persevere, God in his mercy could hardly refuse to give them his grace. So I want you to preach My Rosary.”
All things, even the holiest, are subject to change, especially when they are dependent on man’s free will. It is hardly to be wondered at, then, that the Confraternity of the Holy Rosary only retained its first fervour for a century after it was instituted by Saint Dominic. After this it was like a thing buried and forgotten. Doubtless, too, the wicked scheming and jealousy of the devil were largely responsible for getting people to neglect the Rosary, and thus block the flow of God’s grace which it had drawn upon the world.
Thus, in 1349, God punished the whole of Europe with the most terrible plague that had ever been known. Starting in the east, it spread throughout Italy, Germany, France, Poland and Hungary, bringing desolation wherever it went, for out of a hundred men hardly one lived to tell the tale. Big cities, towns, villages and monasteries were almost completely deserted during the three years that the epidemic lasted. This scourge of God was quickly followed by two others: the heresy of the Flagellants and a tragic schism in 1376.
Later, when these trials were over, thanks to the Mercy of God, Our Lady told Blessed Alan to revive the former Confraternity of the Holy Rosary. Blessed Alan was one of the Dominican Fathers at the monastery at Dinan, in Brittany. He was an eminent theologian and a famous preacher. Our Lady chose him because, since the Confraternity had originally been started in that province, it was fitting that a Dominican from the same province should have the honor of re-establishing it.
Blessed Alan began this great work in 1460, after a special warning from our Lord. This is how he received that urgent message, as he himself tells it. One day, when he was offering Mass, Our Lord, who wished to spur him on to preach the Holy Rosary, spoke to him in the Sacred Host:
“How can you crucify Me again so soon?”
“What did you say, Lord?” (Alan was horrified)
“You crucified Me once before by your sins, and I would willingly be crucified again rather than have My Father offended by the sins you used to commit. You are crucifying Me again now because you have all the learning and understanding that you need to preach My Mother’s Rosary, and you are not doing it. If you only did that, you could teach many souls the right path and lead them away from sin. But you are not doing it, and so you, yourself, are guilty of the sins that they commit.”
This terrible reproach made Blessed Alan solemnly resolve to preach the Rosary unceasingly. To inspire him to preach the Rosary more, Our Lady said to him one day,
“You were a great sinner in your youth, but I obtained the grace of your conversion from My Son. Had such a thing been possible, I would have liked to have gone through all kinds of suffering to save you, because converted sinners are a glory to me. And I would have done that also to make you worthy of preaching my Rosary far and wide.”
Ever since Blessed Alan de la Roche re-established this devotion in 1460, the voice of the people, which is the voice of God, gave it the name of the Rosary, which means “crown of roses.” That is to say that every time people say the Rosary devoutly they place on the heads of Jesus and Mary 153 white roses and sixteen red roses. Being heavenly flowers, these roses will never fade or lose their beauty.
Our Lady has approved and confirmed this name of the Rosary; she has revealed to several people that each time they say a Hail Mary they are giving her a beautiful rose, and that each complete Rosary makes her a crown of roses. So the complete Rosary is a large crown of roses and each chaplet of five decades is a little wreath of flowers or a little crown of heavenly roses which we place on the heads of Jesus and Mary. The rose is the queen of flowers; the Rosary is the rose or “queen” of devotions, thus becoming the most important one.
Soon after the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, Saint James was preaching the Gospel in Spain. (This also would have been around 10 years after Mary was taken to heaven. Other sources say that Mary was still alive and living in Palestine – so she bilocated!?) James was disheartened because of the failure of his mission in Spain. On January 2nd, 40 A.D., while he was deep in prayer by the banks of the Ebro, the Mother of God appeared to him and gave him a small statue of her image holding Jesus and also a column of jasper. (picture 1) She instructed him to build a church in her honor.
“This place is to be my house, and this image and column shall be the title and altar of the temple that you shall build. The faith of the people will become as strong as this pillar”
About a year after the apparition, James arranged to build a small chapel in Mary’s honor – the first church ever dedicated to the honor of the Virgin Mary. After James returned to Jerusalem, he was executed by Herod Agrippa in about 44 A.D. – the first apostle to be martyred for his faith. Several of his disciples took his body and returned it for final burial in Spain.
Although this first chapel was eventually destroyed along with various other Christian shrines, the statue and pillar stayed intact under the protection of the people of Zaragoza, Spain. Today, a Baroque-style church, completed in 1686, exists on this site and houses the precious items given to James by the Virgin Mary in 40 A.D.
During the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939, three bombs were dropped on the church, but none of them exploded. Two of them are on display in the basilica today. (picture 2 and 3)